Ask a Question

You visited our site and still have questions? Feel free to contact us

Consultation and guidance given not in the framework of service does not serve as a replacement for a physician’s examination or consultation, and is not considered a “medical diagnosis” or “medical opinion". In all cases of urgency, distress or emergency (physical and/or mental), seek medical care with a family doctor, closest emergency room, and/or ambulatory service.   

Contact Us


Terms of use

Medix FTP Service (the "Service") is designed to provide you with an easy way to transfer files relevant to the management of your case to Medix Medical Services Europe Limited ("Medix", "we" and "us").


The following terms and conditions together with the Medix Information Security Policy (which may be found at http://medix- (together, the "Terms of Service"), form the agreement between you and us in relation to your use of the Service. You should read the Terms of Service carefully before agreeing to them. If you do not understand any part of the Terms of Services, then please contact us at for further information. You acknowledge and agree that by clicking on the "Upload" button, you are indicating that you accept the Terms of Services and agree to be bound by them.


Using the Service


In order to use the Service, you will be required to log in by submitting your member number which was provided to you by the Medix staff, your name and e-mail address. Once you have logged in, you will be able to upload files to the Service. We will download your files to our system and no copy will be retained on the server used to provide the Service. For detailed upload instructions, please click here.


Protection of your information


We take the safeguarding of your information very seriously. In order to prevent unauthorised access or disclosure of your information we have put in place appropriate physical, electronic and administrative procedures to safeguard and secure the files you upload to the Service. However, no method of transmission over the internet, or method of electronic data storage is 100% secure and while we have put in place appropriate protections, we cannot guarantee the security of information you upload to the Service.


Quality and availability of the Service


While we make reasonable efforts to provide the Service, it is provided "as is" with no representation, guarantee or warranty of any kind as to its availability, functionality, that it will meet your requirements or that it will be free of errors or viruses.


We will not be responsible for any damage to your computer system or the computer system of any third party resulting from your use of the Services where such damage is caused by circumstances which are beyond our reasonable control.


I agree
Contact Us
Contact Us
HomeMedical Information Coping With a DiseaseAnaemia: the invisible disorder that can become a silent killer

Anaemia: the invisible disorder that can become a silent killer

By: Medix Team
Anaemia: the invisible disorder that can become a silent killer

The World Health Organization wants to halve levels by 2025.

Have you been struck by a strange desire to suck on some ice, or chew a piece of paper any time recently? If you have, you could be suffering from anaemia, the world’s most common blood disorder, affecting just over 1.5 billion people worldwide.


No one is quite sure why sufferers develop cravings for items with no nutritional value, but they do know that it’s linked to low iron levels. This, in turn, is the leading cause of the most common form of anaemia, which comes from the ancient Greek word ‘anaemia,’ or ‘lack of blood’. Sufferers either have too few red blood cells, or the ones they do have cannot transport oxygen efficiently enough around the body.


Iron plays a key role because the bone marrow needs it to create haemoglobin, a protein that gives blood cells their red colour and carries oxygen from the lungs to other tissues and organs. These cells typically circulate for about 115 to 120 days before the spleen and liver degrade them.


The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that up to a third of the world’s population suffers from some form of anaemia, particularly children and menstruating women. It’s especially widespread in Asia according to the most recent WHO figures. About half of young Indian women have it, followed by 32% in Thailand, 29% Indonesia, 26% China and 25% in Vietnam.


The issue is that many don’t realise they have a problem because the symptoms can come on gradually and are often quite vague. They include feeling tired and dizzy, experiencing a fast heartbeat, or looking pale and jaundiced.


Anaemia is a symptom of many illnesses, but left untreated it can kill on its own. In Asia, it’s a known risk factor in maternal mortality, particularly in developing countries.


Yet it is also fairly easy to diagnose through a complete blood count. This measures haemoglobin levels, plus the size, number and structure of red blood cells. A low haemoglobin count is less than 13.5 grams per decilitre for men and 12 for women.


Treatment depends on the cause, since there are a number of different sub-types. Here are some of the main ones:


1. Iron deficiency anaemia


This accounts for 50% of all cases, but is one of the easiest types to treat either through iron supplements, or eating high nutritional sources such as: red meat, leafy or cruciferous green vegetables, chocolate with a high cacao content and nuts and seeds. There can be many causes including: poor diet, bleeding (heavy periods, cancers, haemorrhoids, ulcers, surgery etc), bacterial infections and celiac disease (caused by a gluten allergy). But it’s also very important to get advice from a doctor first since excess iron is toxic and can build up, causing organ damage. 


2. Vitamin deficiency anaemia


Another common form is pernicious anaemia when the immune system attacks healthy stomach cells preventing uptake of vitamin B12, or genetic mutations affect folate (vitamin B9) absorption. Deficiencies cause abnormally large red blood cells that impede haemoglobin transportation. Symptoms include irritability, tingling hands and feet, plus diarrhoea. It can be cured through dietary changes, plus methylated folate in the case of genetic deficiencies.


3. Haemolytic anaemia


Red blood cells die off more quickly than the body can produce them with this type. It can develop later in life, but is often genetic. The two most common sub-types are sickle cell anaemia (abnormal-shaped red blood cells) and thalassemia (red blood cells that don’t mature properly). They’re particularly common across Asia in countries where malaria is, or has been, endemic. Just over a decade ago, scientists finally figured out why: higher levels of red blood cells plus lower levels of haemoglobin per cell protect sufferers against malaria because the parasite destroys a smaller percentage of blood cells overall.


4. Aplastic anaemia


This is a rare but life-threatening condition when the body doesn’t produce enough red blood cells. There are multiple causes including autoimmune diseases, exposure to toxic materials such as lead and certain medicines for epilepsy and arthritis. More severe forms can require blood transfusions.  


5. Inflammation-related anaemia


Chronic illnesses that cause inflammation also impede the body’s production of red blood cells. The list includes: cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, kidney disease and rheumatoid arthritis. It all adds up to the second most common form of anaemia. It’s treated with iron supplements, or in severe cases with injections of genetically engineered erythropoietin (EPO), a hormone produced by the kidneys that helps to make red blood cells. 

By continuing to use this site you consent to the use of cookies on your device as described in our cookie policy unless you have disabled them. You can change your cookie settings at any time but parts of our site will not function correctly without them.