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首頁醫療資訊優質醫學跑還是不跑,這是一個值得思考的問題

跑還是不跑,這是一個值得思考的問題

9/25/2017 | 來自: Medix團隊

但再也沒有藉口:最新研究發現,跑步對你的背部和膝蓋是非常有益的

跑步是否有益身心一直是一個具爭議的話題。 一方面,大家認同活躍的生活方式對心臟,壓力,肌肉甚至大腦都有好處;但另一方面,專家擔心跑步會導致膝蓋和髖部的磨損,容易患上將來難以控制的關節炎 。 雖然膝關節和髖關節置換術是常見的,但它們是非常具侵入性的,應盡可能避免。 最近有兩項在頂尖醫學期刊出版的研究對此主題進行分析。

 

椎間盤突出是背部疼痛的主要原因。 這意味著脊椎間的椎間盤脫出,壓迫脊骨或相鄰的神經並引起強烈痛楚。 較早前,有一項研究測試跑步能否降低椎間盤突出的機會。 這背後的邏輯是跑步會增加椎間盤的壓力,隨著時間的推移,椎間盤的可受壓能力會慢慢增加,從而降低將來脫出的機會。 在研究開始之前,大部份專家認為這個調整過程需時太長,無法在人類的生命週期內取得成果。 但是,事實證明他們是錯的。 研究結果清楚顯示,跑步實際上改善了椎間盤的健康,甚至降低椎間盤突出的機率。

 

現在我們發現了跑步的另一個好處,這讓我們重新思考最初的問題:跑步與否? 這正正就是第二項研究的重點──比較非跑步者,休閒跑步者和競技跑步者的髖關節和膝蓋的磨損程度。得出的結果頗為驚人:競技跑步者的狀況最為惡劣,退化率很高,但休閒跑步者的狀況最佳,甚至比沒有跑步的更好。 這個結論是根據114,829位參加者所得,結果相當可靠。

 

所以重點是什麼呢? 適度。 再好的東西都不能過量。 適度的跑步有許多優點,包括減輕體重、強化肌肉、有助肺部健康和根據上述的最新研究顯示,可以預防椎間盤突出和背部疼痛。 此外,只要不過量,跑步不會導致膝蓋和髖關節問題,這對渴望改善健康的患者來說是非常有吸引力的。

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